Today's Law As Amended


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SB-1064 Prisons: confidential informants.(2019-2020)



As Amends the Law Today


SECTION 1.

 Section 5016 is added to the Penal Code, to read:

5016.
 (a) An employee of, or private entity under contract with, the Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation shall not find any state prisoner to be guilty of a rules violation, if the finding or decision is based on, or relies on, in whole or in part, any uncorroborated information from an in-custody confidential informant.
(b) An employee of, or private entity under contract with, the Board of Parole Hearings shall not make a finding or decision about any state prisoner that is based on, or relies on, in whole or in part, allegations that have not been found true following a disciplinary hearing at which the subject was provided notice, an opportunity to confront nonconfidential witnesses before an impartial hearing body, a written statement of the evidence relied upon, a written statement of the reasons for the decision, and an opportunity for appeal.
(c) At least 10 days prior to any proceeding in which a decision described in subdivision (a) or (b) is made or considered, including any interview on which a risk rating is based, the subject prisoner, and the prisoner’s attorney, if the prisoner is represented by an attorney, shall receive a summary notice of any information provided by an in-custody confidential informant that may be used in the decision. The summary notice shall include all of the following:
(1) A detailed description of the information provided by the confidential informant.
(2) The date the information was provided to the department.
(3) The date of the events or actions referred to in the informant’s report.
(4) The location where the information was provided by the informant.
(5) The name of the officer who obtained and recorded the informant’s report.
(6) The source and nature of the informant’s personal knowledge of the events or actions.
(7) The investigative steps taken by the receiving officer or other department official to confirm the facts reported and the informant’s personal knowledge.
(8) The informant’s previous record of confidential information, including instances of information not meeting standards of reliability.
(9) The evidence used to corroborate the information. If the information is corroborated by another in-custody confidential informant, a summary notice pursuant to this subdivision shall also be provided with respect to the corroborating informant. If corroboration is provided by a nonconfidential informant, or by physical evidence, that information shall be fully disclosed in the notice.
(10) A signed statement by the decisionmaker that the decisionmaker has made the determination required by paragraph (2) of subdivision (d).
(d) As used in this section, the following definitions apply:
(1) A “state prisoner” is any person under the jurisdiction of the department who is not on parole.
(2) Confidential information is “corroborated” if information about the same person, act, time, and place has been separately and independently provided by another confidential informant, nonconfidential informant, or physical evidence. Information is provided independently if the decisionmaker determines there has been no contact or communication between the in-custody confidential informant and the corroborating source, and there has been no prior knowledge of any supporting physical evidence.
(3) An “in-custody confidential informant” means a person in custody in any local, state, or federal jail, penal institution, or correctional institution, whose name and full statement has not been disclosed to the prisoner who is the subject of the decision by the department or board.