Today's Law As Amended

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AB-1209 Long-term care benefits.(2019-2020)



SECTION 1.

 Section 10235.40 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

10235.40.
 (a) No An  individual long-term care policy or certificate shall not  be issued until the applicant has been given the right to designate at least one individual, in addition to the applicant, to receive notice of lapse or termination of a policy or certificate for nonpayment of premium. The insurer shall receive from each applicant one of the following:
(1) A written designation listing the name, address, and telephone number of at least one individual, in addition to the applicant, who is to receive notice of lapse or termination of the policy or certificate for nonpayment of premium.
(2) A waiver signed and dated by the applicant electing not to designate additional persons to receive notice. The required waiver shall read as follows:
“Protection Against Unintended Lapse.
I understand that I have the right to designate at least one person other than myself to receive notice of lapse or termination of this long-term care insurance policy for nonpayment of premium. I understand that notice will not be given until 30 days after a premium is due and unpaid. I elect not to designate any person to receive the notice.
Signature of Applicant
Date”
(b) The insurer shall notify the insured of the right to change the written designation, no less often than once every two years.
(c) When If  the policyholder or certificate holder pays the premium for a long-term care insurance policy or certificate through a payroll or pension deduction plan, the requirements contained in subdivision (a) need not be met until 60 days after the policyholder or certificate holder is no longer on that deduction payment plan. The application or enrollment form for a certified long-term care insurance policy or certificate shall clearly indicate the deduction payment plan selected by the applicant.
(d) No An  individual long-term care policy or certificate shall not  lapse or be terminated for nonpayment of premium unless the insurer, at least 30 days prior to  before  the effective date of the lapse or termination, gives notice to the insured and to the individual or individuals designated pursuant to subdivision (a), at the address provided by the insured for purposes of receiving notice of lapse or termination. Notice shall be given by first-class United States mail, postage prepaid, not less than 30 days after a premium is due and unpaid.
(e) Each A  long-term care insurance policy or certificate shall include a provision which, that,  in the event of lapse, provides for reinstatement of coverage, if the insurer is provided with proof of the insured’s cognitive impairment or the loss of functional capacity. This option shall be available to the insured if requested within five months after termination and shall allow for the collection of a past due premium, where if  appropriate. The standard of proof of cognitive impairment or loss of functional capacity shall not be more stringent than the benefit eligibility criteria on cognitive impairment or the loss of functional capacity contained in the policy certificate.
(f) If a universal life insurance policy includes coverage for long-term care and may lapse due to insufficient account value even if all scheduled premiums are paid on time and no loans or withdrawals are taken, then an applicant shall receive the disclosure below or a substantially similar disclosure that contains all of the information below. The disclosure shall be submitted to the commissioner for approval. The disclosure shall be signed and dated by the applicant and the agent. One copy of the disclosure shall be retained by the applicant and an additional copy shall be retained by the insurer. The disclosure shall be in the following form:
“Disclosure of Risk of Lapse and Offer of Protection Against Lapse
APPLICANT: Please review and check the appropriate line(s), and sign and date below.
My agent has explained to me that the universal life insurance policy I am
applying for may lapse (terminate) due to insufficient account value, even if
I pay all the scheduled premiums on time and take no loans or withdrawals,
and that if my life insurance policy lapses then I will also lose my long-term
care coverage.
____
I have been offered a benefit that would guarantee the policy
against lapse if I pay all required premiums on time, take no
loans or withdrawals, and comply with other policy provisions. I
have reviewed this offer.
____
I have been offered a policy that includes long-term care
coverage and is guaranteed against lapse if I pay all required
premiums on time, take no loans or withdrawals, and comply
with other policy provisions. I have reviewed this proposal.
____
I have been informed by my agent that other insurers offer
policies that include long-term care coverage and that would be
guaranteed against lapse if I pay all required premiums on time
and take no loans or withdrawals. However, the insurer of the
policy that I am applying for does not. I understand that I will
have to apply for insurance with a different insurance company if
I would like to purchase a policy that includes long-term care
coverage with this kind of lapse protection.
Signature of applicant        Date           
AGENT: Please review and check the appropriate line(s), and sign and date
below.
I have explained to the applicant that the universal life insurance policy the applicant is applying for may lapse due to insufficient account value, even if all scheduled premiums are paid on time and no loans or withdrawals are taken, and that if the life insurance policy lapses then the long-term care coverage will also be lost.
____ I offered the applicant, and the applicant has reviewed, the following
     option(s) [check all that apply]:
____
An optional no-lapse guarantee benefit.
I have explained that a no-lapse guarantee benefit would
guarantee the policy against lapse if all required premiums are paid
on time and no loans or withdrawals are taken.
____
A different universal life policy that includes long-term care
coverage and is offered with a no-lapse guarantee benefit.
I have explained that a no-lapse guarantee benefit would guarantee
the policy against lapse if all required premiums are paid on time
and no loans or withdrawals are taken.
____
A whole life policy that includes long-term care coverage.
I have explained that a whole life policy is guaranteed
against lapse if all required premiums are paid on time.
____
A stand-alone long-term care policy.
I have explained that a stand-alone long-term care policy is
guaranteed against lapse if all required premiums are paid
on time.
____
I have explained that the applicant will have to apply for
insurance with a different insurance company if the applicant
would like to purchase a policy that includes long-term care
coverage and would be guaranteed against lapse if all required
premiums are paid on time and no loans or withdrawals are taken.
Signature of agent         Date”           

SEC. 2.

 Section 10235.45 is added to the Insurance Code, immediately following Section 10235.40, to read:

10235.45.
 (a) If a life insurance policy issued on or after January 1, 2021, contains long-term care benefits and permits policy loans or cash withdrawals, then access to those loans or withdrawals shall not be prohibited or limited due to the payment of long-term care benefits, except as provided in paragraphs (1) and (2).
(1) Payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care shall result in no more than a pro rata reduction in the cash value of the life insurance policy. A reduction in cash value shall be proportionally equal to the percentage of death benefits accelerated to produce the accelerated death benefit payment. Future access to policy loans may be limited to the remaining cash value.
(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care may be considered a lien against the death benefit of the life insurance policy, and access to the cash value of the life insurance policy may be restricted to the excess of the cash value over the sum of any outstanding policy loans and the lien. Future access to policy loans and cash withdrawals may also be limited to the excess of the cash value over the sum of any outstanding policy loans and the lien.
(b) If payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care results in a pro rata reduction in the cash value of the life insurance policy, the payment may be applied toward repayment of a pro rata portion of outstanding policy loans. The amount of the loan repayment shall be proportionally equal to the percentage of death benefits accelerated to produce the accelerated death benefit payment.
(c) At least 30 days before the first payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care, the insurer shall send the policyholder or certificate holder a statement that includes all of the following:
(1) The scheduled payment date and an option to cancel the payment before the payment date. The policyholder or certificate holder may cancel the payment by contacting the insurer at the insurer’s address or telephone number at any time before the payment date.
(2) An explanation of any changes to the policy that would occur as a result of the payment, including, but not limited to, a prohibition or limitation of access to loans or cash withdrawals.
(3) A numerical demonstration of the effect of the payment on the remaining death benefit, cash value or accumulation amount, policy loan value, outstanding policy loan amount, no-lapse guarantee, policy lien, and premium payments or cost of insurance charges.
(4) A notice stating: “WARNING: Payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care will reduce and may potentially eliminate your death benefit. Receipt of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care may be taxable and may also adversely affect your eligibility for Medicaid or other government entitlements. Please consult a financial advisor.”
(d) The statement required by subdivision (c) is required only once per policy, or once per policyholder if a policy has multiple policyholders, and does not need to be provided for later accelerated death benefit claims by the same policyholder.
(e) No later than 30 days after every payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care, the insurer shall provide the policyholder or certificate holder with a report that includes all of the following:
(1) The accelerated death benefits paid out during the prior month.
(2) An explanation of any changes to the remaining death benefit, cash value or accumulation account, policy loan value, outstanding policy loan amount, no-lapse guarantee, policy lien, and premium payments or cost of insurance charges.
(3) The amount of the remaining benefits that can be accelerated.
(f) If a policyholder or certificateholder initiates a request to take a loan or withdrawal from the cash value of a life insurance policy that accelerates benefits for long-term care, the insurer shall provide the policyholder or certificateholder with the information described in paragraphs (1) to (7), inclusive, of this subdivision. The request shall be deemed incomplete, and the insurer shall not approve the loan or withdrawal, until the information has been provided and the policyholder or certificateholder submits a response that finalizes the request for the loan or withdrawal. The insurer shall send the policyholder or certificateholder a dated statement that includes all of the following:
(1) An explanation of any changes to the policy that would occur as a result of the loan or withdrawal.
(2) A numerical demonstration of the effect of the payment on the remaining death benefit, cash value or accumulation amount, policy loan value, outstanding policy loan amount, no-lapse guarantee, policy lien, premium payments or cost of insurance charges, and daily, monthly, or lifetime long-term care benefits.
(3) If a policyholder or certificateholder is initiating a request for a loan, a notice stating: “WARNING: Loans may reduce and potentially eliminate your death benefit and your long-term care benefits. Receipt of a loan may adversely affect your eligibility for Medicaid or other government entitlements, and loan proceeds may be taxable at your death if the loan is not repaid. Please consult a financial advisor.”
(4) If a policyholder or certificateholder is initiating a request for a withdrawal, a notice stating: “WARNING: Cash withdrawals may reduce and potentially eliminate your death benefit and your long-term care benefits. Receipt of a cash withdrawal may be taxable and may also adversely affect your eligibility for Medicaid or other government benefits or entitlements. Please consult a financial advisor.”
(5) A description of circumstances in which a loan or withdrawal may result in or contribute to the lapse of the policy.
(6) If applicable, a hypothetical demonstration of how loan repayment may be deducted from a future payment of an accelerated death benefit for long-term care.
(7) If applicable, a notice explaining the rate at which the loan will accrue interest and stating the projected outstanding loan amount after five years, assuming that the interest rate does not change, no loan repayments are made, and no additional loans are taken.
(g) The statements and notices required by this section shall be in at least 12-point type.

SEC. 3.

 Section 10236.11 of the Insurance Code is amended to read:

10236.11.
 The premium rate schedules for all individual and group long-term care insurance policies issued in this state shall be filed with and receive the prior approval of the commissioner before the policy may be offered, sold, issued, or delivered to a resident of this state.
All initial rate filings shall be subject to the following:
(a) No An  approval for an initial premium schedule shall not  be granted unless the actuary performing the review for the commissioner certifies that the initial premium rate schedule is sufficient to cover anticipated costs under moderately adverse experience and that the premium rate schedule is reasonably expected to be sustainable over the life of the form with no future premium increases anticipated. The certification may rely on supporting data in the filing. The actuary performing the review may request an actuarial demonstration that the assumptions the insurer has used are reasonable. The actuarial demonstration shall include either premium and claim experience on similar policy forms, adjusted for any premium or benefit differences, relevant and creditable data from other studies, or both.
(b) The insurer shall submit to the commissioner for approval a rate filing for each policy form that includes at least all of the following information:
(1) An actuarial memorandum that describes the assumptions the insurer used to develop the premium rate schedule. The actuarial assumptions shall include, but not be limited to, a sufficiently detailed description of morbidity assumptions, voluntary lapse rates, mortality assumptions, asset investment yield rates, a description of all expense components, and plan and option mix assumptions. The memorandum shall also include the expected lifetime loss ratio and projections of yearly earned premiums, incurred claims, incurred claim loss ratios, and changes in contract reserves.
(2) An actuarial certification consisting of at least all of the following:
(A) A statement that the initial premium rate schedule is sufficient to cover anticipated costs under moderately adverse experience and that the premium rate schedule is reasonably expected to be sustainable over the life of the form with no future premium increases anticipated.
(B) A statement that the policy design and coverage provided have been reviewed and taken into consideration.
(C) A statement that the underwriting and claims adjudication processes have been reviewed and taken into consideration.
(D) A complete description of the basis for contract reserves that are anticipated to be held under the form, to include all of the following:
(i) Sufficient detail or sample calculations provided so as to have a complete depiction of the reserve amounts to be held.
(ii) A statement that the assumptions used for reserves contain reasonable margins for adverse experience.
(iii) A statement that the net valuation premium for renewal years does not increase (except for attained-age rating where permitted). increase. 
(iv) A statement that the difference between the gross premium and the net valuation premium for renewal years is sufficient to cover expected renewal expenses, or if that statement cannot be made, a complete description of the situations in which this does not occur and the type and level of change in the reserve assumptions that would be necessary for the difference to be sufficient. An aggregate distribution of anticipated issues may be used as long as the underlying gross premiums maintain a reasonably consistent relationship. If the gross premiums for certain age groups appear to be inconsistent with this requirement, the commissioner may request a demonstration under subdivision (a) based on a standard age distribution.
(E) A statement that the premium rate schedule is not less than the premium rate schedule for existing similar policy forms also available from the insurer except for reasonable differences attributable to benefits or a comparison of the premium schedules for similar policy forms that are currently available from the insurer with an explanation of the differences.
(c) Premium rate schedules and new policy forms shall be filed by January 1, 2002, for all group long-term care insurance policies that an insurer will offer, sell, issue, or deliver on or after January 1, 2003, and for all previously approved individual long-term care insurance policies that an insurer will offer, sell, issue, or deliver on or after January 1, 2003, unless the January 1, 2002, deadline is extended by the commissioner. Insurers may continue to offer and market long-term care insurance policies approved prior to  before  January 1, 2002, until the earlier of (1) 90 days after approval of both the premium rate schedules and new policy forms filed pursuant to this section or (2) January 1, 2003. Insurers that have filed premium rate schedules and new policy forms by March 1, 2002, may continue to offer and market long-term care insurance policies approved prior to  before  January 1, 2002, until the earlier of (1) 90 days after approval of both the premium rate schedules and new policy forms filed pursuant to this section or (2) June 30, 2003.
(d) Nothing in this  This  section shall not  be construed as prohibiting an insurer from filing new group and individual policy forms, or from relieving an insurer of the obligation to file these forms, with the commissioner after January 1, 2003, if the policy form meets all the requirements of this chapter.
(e) (1) The commissioner shall not approve an initial premium rate schedule that includes scheduled rate increases based on the attained age of the insured or the duration of the policy.
(2) On and after January 1, 2021, a long-term care policy shall not be issued using a premium rate schedule that includes scheduled rate increases based on the attained age of the insured or the duration of the policy.
(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), this subdivision does not prohibit or impact the pricing of benefits that allow for the purchase of additional coverage if the cost of the additional coverage is based on the insured’s attained age at the time the additional coverage is added.